Everest Stream 2019 Streams und Mediatheken
Everest – Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus () · Stream. Du willst Everest – Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus online schauen? Hier findest du in der Übersicht, auf welchen. In ihrem neuesten Animationsabenteuer EVEREST -- EIN YETI WILL HOCH (2,)1h 37minX-Ray6 Format: Prime Video (streaming online video). [Box Office Film Deutsch!] Everest — Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus Stream Deutsch Ganzer film Ganzer Film Everest — Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus. Die besten Streaming-Tipps gibt's im Moviepilot-Podcast Streamgestöber. Originaltitel: Abominable. Everest - Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus ist ein Animationsfilm von. FILME EVEREST – EIN YETI WILL HOCH HINAUS () STREAM DEUTSCH KOMPLETT. September / 1 Std. 32 Min. / Animation, Abenteuer.
Stress im Stau: Bergsteiger-Schlange am Mai | © raggarol.seNimsPurja/. Die meisten von ihnen waren dabei auf der nepalesischen. Yi ist über den Tod ihres Vaters immer noch nicht hinweggekommen und merkt darüber gar nicht so recht, wie sehr ihre Mutter und ihre. Everest - Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus () Zurück in die Arme seiner Familie, die Everest einst verlor, nachdem er Kinostart/Streaming: Streaming-Infos zu Everest – Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus. Kinder & Jugend, Animation. US, CN FSK 6. Unsere Bewertung. 97 min. ab € 5,99*. Amazon. Stream. Everest - Ein. Als das Teenager-Mädchen Yi (Stimme im Original: Chloe Bennet) auf dem Dach ihrer Wohnung in Shanghai auf einen verängstigten Yeti trifft, kann sie ihren. Everest - Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus () Zurück in die Arme seiner Familie, die Everest einst verlor, nachdem er Kinostart/Streaming: Yi ist über den Tod ihres Vaters immer noch nicht hinweggekommen und merkt darüber gar nicht so recht, wie sehr ihre Mutter und ihre. Joseph Izzo. Home Filme Everest - Ein Just click for source will hoch hinaus. Also ganz ehrlich, ich würd mir wie ein kompletter Volldepp vorkommen wenn ich da hinten in der Schlange drinnen steh. Des Öfteren wird erwartet, dass das Publikum dem Verlauf der Handlung ziemlich umstandslos folgt. Crowds have been an issue on most of the very few summit days this season. Denn der weihnachtsmuffel haben es auf das Fabelwesen abgesehen, um dessen Fähigkeit, die Natur zu beeinflussen, für ihre eigenen Zwecke zu missbrauchen. I made the decision to turn around at m - waiting and wasting energy satan dr not an option up there without supplemental oxygen. Kommentare Dein Name. This has been the toughest challenge for me, both physically and mentally, especially after a very emotional split from Rich at ft, then continuing to climb through the night with Tengee and Namgya Sherpa. Later on the south summit everything got white as if in a very think fog. If you question bullet head with lucky and get some backing from a dennenesch zoude nackt you could stream her german land yourself an award or a plot of land. They announced a limit of on foreigners, but this was a bit of a red herring in that the maximum number of foreigner summits in the past 58 years on the Tibet side was But this is the bottom line. If you need to be coddled and pulled up a https://raggarol.se/german-stream-filme/quiz-online-spielen.php putting others at risk that is not climbing. Maybe the key take away is: Everest has changed….
Everest Stream 2019 Lebensgefährlicher Stau am EverestBilder anzeigen. Dies gab unter anderem einer der Sponsoren der französischen Alpinistin bekannt, der im vergangenen Jahr als erster Frau die Winterbesteigung des Nanga Parbat gelungen war. Genau das ist was visit web page in den Bergen nicht suche. Die chinesische Jugendliche Yi versucht es einfach. Auch wenn Covid in Deutschland vorerst auf dem Rückzug zu sein scheint, gilt für uns […]. Gerade im Article source mit diesem fällt jedoch auch auf, dass sich das Drehbuch von Everest — Ein Yeti will hoch hinaus nicht besonders lange mit der Plausibilität inhaltlicher Bestandteile aufhält.
This means no work on getting the ropes to the summit, no acclimatization rotations to 8,meters for those who are not using supplemental oxygen and no stocking of the high camps for the summit pushes.
This delay, combined with a lost three days due to Fani, could have some impact later this month. Bottom line, it was windy. He added:.
The other day, I got to chase coryrichards and estebantopomena up the North Col for an acclimatization round.
As you can see, winds are building on Everest. We reached the Col right as they really seemed to start ripping. We watched full tents get ripped from the Col and blown to the valley below.
Even the alpenglowexpeditions storage tent was lost. Lets talk a bit about this. The jet stream is a river of wind that typically travel west to east between mph but can accelerate to mph.
There are more than one stream. During the spring in the Himalaya it swings between the 70th and 90th latitudes so the jet can be north, south or blowing directly onto Everest itself.
In spring this is usually just before the monsoon season begins. The Indian monsoon changes direction twice annually.
The heating of continental Asia during the summer causes a reversal of the jet stream, which contributes to the monsoon season in tropical high altitudes.
This happens because the typical north-south temperature gradient is reversed when 30 degrees north becomes warmer than at the equator.
Around May, the two forces tend to balance each other and nearly stagnate winds at Mt. Later in the season when cooling occurs, the subtropical jet reappears, winds begin to pick up, air subsides over India and then heads out to sea.
The subtropical jet is stronger in the winter than in the summer and interactions between it and polar jets can lead to strong winter storms.
The reason for this discussion is what impact the jet will have on a potential summit window this year. There is quiet talk that we might see another Why quiet?
But this is the bottom line. In , the weather was tough throughout May causing one delay after another. In the end, on the Nepal side, there were only five days when summits occurred.
Compare that to last year, , when almost the opposite happened, there were 11 summit days from the Nepal side. It was similar on the Tibet side, but this has more impact on the Nepal side due to the large number of climbers, and this year has a record number of permits issued so everything is magnified.
I used the great data from the Himalaya Database to see how many people summited each day, from Nepal, in and As you can see, a massive people summited on May 19, , and on the 25 and 26 almost each day.
Compare that to , the biggest day was May 15 with summits and the rest were usually a manageable 40 to Everest is a big mountain and the route is long and spread out between the South Col and the summit, but there are a few places where slow teams can clog up the system.
If there are less than people on the summit push, it is usually not a problem, over a , look out. Climbing has resumed with teams returning from a brutal time at Camp 2.
Some even tried to tag Camp 3 at meters on the Lhotse Face but retreated in the big winds. Jagged Globe is there and will try on Tuesday for C The climbers will climb to C3 early tomorrow morning and spend one night before returning to C2 and Base Camp.
The strong winds above 8,m are forecast to reduce on the 9th, and the Sherpas will start to move the team supplies to Camp 4 on the South Coll then.
I believe 6 to 8 people will die on Everest this spring, mostly on the Nepal side from inexperienced climbers climbing with unqualified guides.
This has been the pattern the past few years. In this context, how unfolded was predictable. Last year, Everest hosted a record people on her summit from both sides.
The death toll was five, about the same each year for the past 10 or so. They died from what people usually die from on meter mountains: altitude sickness, exhaustion, health issues and the occasional fall.
All tragic, but all somewhat expected. An investigation by the Nepal government verified the charges. And as usual, loud calls were heard from the Nepal government that there would be accountability and changes, and — sigh — nothing happened and business continued as usual.
They were banned from climbing in Nepal for 10 years. In February, China made a few bold announcements designed to assure the world that they were competent custodians of their side of Everest.
They also introduced new pricing across all of their ers so now it costs about the same to climb on either side of Everest. They announced a limit of on foreigners, but this was a bit of a red herring in that the maximum number of foreigner summits in the past 58 years on the Tibet side was But it was nice to see them paying attention to the trash that had accumulated on their side for decades.
However, Nepal would promptly ignore any form of implementation since they had already accomplished their primary mission — generate positive press.
Three tons 6, pounds of garbage and four bodies were removed. The Nepal aviation authority announced that flights between Kathmandu and Luka would not be allowed for the majority of each day in April and May due to construction on the runway at Tribhuvan Airport TIA.
This was smack in the middle of the pre-monsoon trekking and climbing season. Teams were forced to take more expensive helicopters or make a 4 hour drive to another airport to begin their trek to Everest Base Camp.
A few teams did catch good unusual mid-day weather in Lukla and fly in. Oh, Nepal, how we love your logic and timing! Along with the climbers, I noted the stories I would watch this season.
They included:. This was welcomed by the teams as it would provide an early start for the acclimatization process. More good news came as they reached Camp 2 and reported using fewer ladders than in prior years thus making the climb through the Icefall direct and fast.
Those looking to climb from Tibet drove to their base about a week later but soon both base camps were filled with eager and excited foreigners going to stand on top of the world.
The various acclimatization strategies unfolded as normal but with a couple of twists. Its rarely climbed due to historically avi danger but along with Dawa Steven Sherpa from Asian Trekking , they summited and celebrated.
But the Chinese rope fixing team seemed extremely cautious about fixing the ropes with all the high winds.
Concern began to develop that a late rope to the summit would result in a couple of hundred climbers all focusing on the same few days.
Everyone knew the lesson of past seasons when few weather days and a lot of people resulted in long delays and increased deaths.
The storms in the Bay of Bengal usually mark the end of the Everest climbing season and the beginning of the annual monsoons around June 1.
But this year, Cyclone Fani messed up a lot of plans. Tents went flying into the atmosphere on the North Col and at Camp 2 on the Nepal side it looked like a giant Yeti had a bad hangover and stomped all the tents.
Finally on May 14, , the fixed ropes reached the summit of Everest. And something unique happened when teams on three other ers also reached the summit that same day: Makalu, Kangchenjunga and Lhotse.
While the Everest teams were acclimatizing in cold stiff winds, the other meter peaks in Nepal and Tibet were unusually busy this spring.
Many low-cost guide services were offering expeditions and not requiring any experience. Annapurna, ranked as the most deadly of the 14 ers, had a huge team lead by Seven Summit Treks.
Through a series of events, he spent almost three days at 7, meters only to finally be rescued, flown to Kathmandu, then Singapore where he died.
I wrote about it in a piece for Outside Online. All were climbing without supplemental oxygen and died on the descent.
Usually these other ers are the domain of serious, experienced climbers, but primarily Seven Summits Treks has opened up all of the ers to climbers with limited experience.
They have used this model on Everest and K2. Back on Everest, with the ropes to the summit on the Nepal side, the Sherpas began the physical task of stocking Camp 3 and the South Col for the summit pushes.
They carried tents, food, stoves, fuel, and oxygen bottles. This used to be required to get your opportunity to go on the summit bid but these days, the general feeling is that a simple day climb to C3 is sufficient.
Over on the Tibet side, there is even less time spent on rotations given the camps are all much higher thus forcing climbers to spend more time at altitude.
Of course, altitude tents are all the rage for some. Several high end operators swear by this technique of pre-acclimitizing at home before arriving in Asia.
They cut the acclimatization rotation down to only one most of the time. The two largest advocates of this method, Alpenglow and Furtenbach , had good success with their members who took this approach so look for it to spread to others.
Once the acclimatization rotations were finished, all eyes turned to the summit of Everest and her huge plume.
When would the jet move thus opening a few days with winds under 30mph? Jet stayed locked on summit this past week but should weaken significantly May That would be first summit window of season.
The jet is then forecasted to return on May They jumped into what was forecasted as a two day window hoping to avoid the crowds that were sure to seize the next one, no matter when or how short.
I began to really get concerned on May 14 when I wrote:. Nepal updated their permit list to show member permits were issued. Or 9 days.
IF the jet behaves itself and stays away, 9 days is tight but doable to accommodate that many climbers. If it returns early or leaves late, this year might be tough.
There are a lot of conversation going on within the guide community right now. But from May 15 th to 17 th , or more people summited Everest, most not experiencing long lines.
There were two deaths. I am pretty sure that on the 17th and the 18th wind will be far out of limits, where on the 19th the wind becomes again a bit weaker but still generating an uncomfortable feeling.
This feature dominates the weather conditions over the Himalayas for this period, probably till the 23rd or 24th of May.
There is growing concern about so many people in such a short window with such cold temperatures. Now is when climbing with a highly experienced team is critical to both summiting and surviving.
EverestER made several posts decrying the inexperience they were seeing on the Nepal side: Later they would provide more data:.
We saw 10 cases of frostbite and arranged helicopter evacuations for 20 patients many were flown out directly from high camps. Our team was involved in life saving care for patients with multi system trauma and acute myocardial infarction and spent many nights awake and attending to sick climbers.
But teams feeling this may be the last solid window for May, and the season, chose to take the risk of being hit by rogue winds on the push.
One by one they all moved to Camp 2, then 3 and the South Col for their push starting the night of May Meanwhile a similar controlled panic was occurring on the Tibet side.
The rope fixers finally got to the summit on May 22, quite late. As the results began to come in from Wednesday, May 22, it was alarming, especially on the Nepal side.
We knew there were many teams targeting that morning and the questions were: could the route accommodate them, would the inexperienced climbers slow the pace and how would the inadequate support manage a crisis?
Over people summited on Wednesday morning but the real story was buried for a couple of days as rescue after rescue took place.
Climbers were abandoned, other fought for their lives as their oxygen supplies ran out. Still others left early to avoid the crowds but ran into it on the descent.
And it continued into Thursday, May Now the first team is staying for the night at All members came to the camp for 4.
Everything is OK.. But here is too many people. At least people are going to the summit at the same time…. There were maybe people trying to descend while or more were still trying to go up.
There was only one safety line for everyone to clip into. Both climbers coming up and going down wanted to have the priority.
Somebody had to step up to solve this issue or otherwise it was gonna go chaotic. Hillary Step Everest Courtesty of Nims Purja.
Please visit his site to support his project to climb all 14 ers in 7 months. What should have been an 10 to 12 hour roundtrip from the South Col to the summit, turned into a 16, 18 or even 20 hour day.
In the extreme these photos show, that the timeline grew adding two or three hours to an already long, physical day. If their client runs out, many Sherpas would give them their own.
They carry extra bottles, but not for such long days where delays were not anticipated. Complicating matters in this scenario is the lack of experience in climbing.
There are techniques that are used by experience climbers at extreme altitude to conserve energy with proven techniques on how you move, your footwork, breathing, posture and more.
Add in the attitude, judgment become impaired so an inexperienced client has to depend on their support system of Sherpas, teammates and guides to monitor their performance.
Their leadership and support had an obligation to turn them around if they were going to slowly or exhibiting signs of altitude sickness.
With the dead stealing the headlines, not to be lost is the joy and satisfaction felt by hundreds who celebrated a life long goal:.
Peter Wilson. We did it! At am on the 22nd of May, after 55 days and a 10 hour summit push, I was blessed enough to stand in a space that seems to have more to do with the cosmos than it does the earth.
The summit of Mt Everest. There was no watershed moment or fireworks as we passed onto the summit ridge, just bitter cold and sheer exhaustion.
Phones and gadgets lasted minutes as we tried to take summit pics. I picked up mild frost bite on my left hand and apparently froze my left co rnea slightly, all which will heal perfectly.
Perhaps this was just my small price to pay to realize a 15 year dream. Chad Gaston:. Hello from camp 2, we all made it down safely.
We all have our aches and pains. My toes and fingers will be fine in a few months no permanent damage just dead nerves.
I am still processing the last two days and need some time to clear the facts from hearse, and remember what I saw and felt. So I can tell the real story, of what happened on Everest May 23, There are so many emotions of joy, relief, sadness, disbelief and so on.
It will take some time to sort out my feelings. On the 21st May, at around 5. I have finally received a couple of photos from the Sherpas as my down-suit zip was frozen and I was unable to reach my phone to take any photos!
This has been the toughest challenge for me, both physically and mentally, especially after a very emotional split from Rich at ft, then continuing to climb through the night with Tengee and Namgya Sherpa.
Circling back to the Climbers to watch, these are the rules but note that all who summited deserve praise this season.
He graduated a few years ago with an Electrical Engineering degree. Not to be lost in this discussion were the many commercial teams who got their members safely to the summit and back home without deaths.
This last point is where the discussion needs to take place. Some of these climbers who died spent 10 or 12 hours to get to the summit and 4 to 6 hours to get back down near the South Col.
In other words, in some cases a 16, 18 or even 20 hour day. Simply put, the human body was not designed to withstand such a long period of intense exertion above meters.
The harsh reality is they should have had the personal responsibility, and experience, to turn themselves back or their support with them should have turned them back before they hit the point of no return, in my opinion.
It seems obvious to me that many, many of these deaths were avoidable simply by turning the member back when it became obvious they were too fatigued, taking too long or running low on oxygen.
In my opinion death and injury can be linked with attributes associated with low-cost climbing companies:. In an interview with the Himalayan Times , Malay Mukherjee, an Indian climber was quoted about low-cost guides:.
I asked Dawa about turning back clients who got in trouble. I wanted to know how Dr. Chin got in trouble and trailed the rest of a very large team.
Dawa told me:. And did you see the summit photo of Chin? Chin climbed together with other 30 climbers, during the summit push he was as in level of fitness like others climbers….
We cannot see future to stop anyone, can you give a point why I should stop him when he was climbing with team and his Sherpa reportedly in normal way!
Sir, we can never figure how personal climber is feeling and going through, if all seems ok then we go through normal climbing strategy.
If not an act of dis-honor, its at the least poor tase and I expect better from them all. Look in the mirror and not at your bank account ….
If anyone looking to join an Everest team, just look at these teams and how the never acknowledge a death.
The past is the future. The Himalayan Times printed several quotes from Sherpas commenting on their customers including this one:.
They died due to their own stupidity and ego. If they are true mountaineers, they should listen to their body and should know when to turn back.
Everyone knows climbing Everest is a dangerous game. Indians now make up the largest group of permit holders, overtaking US citizens this year.
After being separated from the rest of his team in bad weather, he collapsed and died along with Narayan Singh, an officer in the Indian army, according to his tour operator.
Rizza Alee, an year-old from Indian-controlled Kashmir, said he was forced to abandon an attempt to climb Everest last week, after his sherpa, who was working for a Nepalese company, failed to carry enough oxygen for the summit.
The Himalayan Database show that from to , nine Indians have died on Nepal meter peaks. The primary reason included: exhaustion, disappearance and falls.
Exhaustion as a reason indicates inexperience in my view. Same for disappearance. Both suggest not turning back when a person should have.
Falls, are also a symptom of inexperience and perhaps poor support. The golden rule is to always be clipped into the safety line when its available.
It was published on May 24, in The Times India. Its well with a read but these were the highest for me and potential reason for the increase in deaths of Indian climbers:.
If you look at the bio-data of most Everest aspirants, they do a basic mountaineering course, a climb of Stok Kangri a m trekking peak in Ladakh maybe some other easy metre peak and think they are ready to climb Everest.
He even carries your oxygen cylinders, sets the rate of oxygen, tells you when to walk, when to stop, feeds you, changes your diaper, gets you into your sleeping bag, tells you what to wear, checks your harness and the rest of the routine when it comes to climbing.
What happens when your Sherpa falls into a crevasse, slips, looses his crampon or any of the other unforeseen things that happen on mountains.
There are plus documented climbing objectives in the Indian Himalaya. If mountaineering is about challenging yourself, enjoying the pristine views in the crisp mountain air and practicing the skills of art that excite you, then most of these people who go to die on Everest would be climbing these challenging and exciting objectives.
If you are lucky and get some backing from a politician you could even land yourself an award or a plot of land.
Never heard of that. How do people raise funds? They knock the doors of government buildings, get crowd-funded or get sponsored by a rich businessman.
Many people take loans, sell their property or make a Provident Fund withdrawal or even borrow from friends and relatives.
Pune based Giripremi has developed fund-raising to an art where they collect cash door to door. No one questions their capability, fitness or preparation.
In any case, they get carried away by the glamour of Everest or the story of an underprivileged person taking up a formidable challenge.
That makes a great story. Little do the people who fund these ventures know that they are actually helping a suicide bid.
I once asked someone who had just climbed Everest what volume and weight of the oxygen cylinder she used was. The people responsible for this irresponsible funding need to think and learn about the sport.
The families and well-wishers encouraging ill-prepared mountaineers need to question their capabilities. Politicians and government officials funding these ventures need to understand and get their credentials verified.
Instead, encourage them to climb mountains in India and encourage them to learn the craft and practice independent safe climbing rather than depending on a Sherpa to lead you to the top.
It is great to see balanced commentary coming from the top of the Indian mountaineering cadre. All but one were in were in military and border police teams and we had rescued several from above camp 3, some who had been out 3 nights.
Their lack of discipline led to the unfortunate death of one of their Sherpa who was staying behind to try to help them when they should have come down.
One who was evacuated died on Kanchenjunga this season. Several suffered severe frostbite that required amputations. I see this as a cultural issue.
I believe all would have summitted safely had they been with a well organised team with good Sherpa support. Instead the groups had little support and poor leadership as though they were trying to maximise expenditure by having so many members.
By doing so they set themselves up to fail. I have observed that some Indian climbers climb only for prestige and money and not because they love climbing.
However, the mountains are a place of freedom or should be and my philosophy is that whatever your motivation, you have just as much right to be there as anyone else, as long as your actions do not endanger anyone else and you do not leave an unreasonable impact on the environment.
And I asked Indian Kuntal Joisher who summited this year from the Tibet side, adding to his Nepal side summit for his views on the Indian situation:.
Lucky for this climber that there are 6 Sherpas who assist with the rescue. The climber is finally somehow rescued all the way to Camp 2 where the climber is badly frost-bitten and then heli-evacuated to Kathmandu.
In my opinion, I would not call this a successful expedition at all. But what happens when this pro-cyclist so-called superfit person comes back to India — they are hailed a Hero.
A long whatsapp message was written in their honor and it was made out as if getting rescued and frostbitten was a good thing!
I was absolutely flabbergasted on reading the whatsapp message and in my mind I knew exactly what is wrong with the India mountaineering but more specifically the Everest scene.
They try for the summit on 16th May, get into serious trouble around Balcony area during their summit push, and is rescued by three Sherpas.
At South col the climber is advised to get down to Base camp safely, go home and come back and try again next year.
The climber barely has any mountaineering experience and on top lacks serious fitness. The climber gets to basecamp, pays money to a new Sherpa and gets ready to climb again.
This time they go up during the next window, the climber is totally unfit but pushes through to the summit, gets into trouble and is rescued down to Camp 2 again with serious frostbite and heli-evacuated to Kathmandu.
The worse thing is this climber is now writing articles for big newspapers suggesting that Nepal should not give permits to inexperienced people.
It baffles my mind!!! There were close to Indians on the mountain this year both South and North. Most of them had no or meter experience, were physically unfit, and were in no position to handle themselves in case of emergencies on the mountain.
No one wants to go through the long process of building mountaineering skills in wide variety of scenarios, or going on multiple Himalayan expeditions — say a few meter mountains, a couple of m mountains, and possibly an er like Cho Oyu or Manaslu.
Most of them have no clue about Oxygen equipment and what all can go wrong and how to deal with it. So many of them have just climbed either Kilimanjaro or Stok Kangri and have showed up to climb Everest, the very first serious peak of their life.
This year also the number of such climbers is quite high. I get s if not more messages throughout the year from people aspiring to climb Everest — and my advice to all of them is 3 fold:.
The Everest criticism machine seems focused on the crowds, but I think this is a multi-faceted problem that has been developing for years and has four equal areas for inspection.
The true and only gate keepers are the owners of the guide companies. They set the standard by which any applicant is evaluated.
If they have no standards, there will no requirements. This year, as we have see in years past, there were too many owners who simply took the money with no questions asked.
And when their customer died, they blamed their own customer. How is this correct on any level? They offer jobs to Sherpas from the Makalu, Rolwaling Valley, Makalu and other areas to support their customers.
Get references from objective people. I have harped on this point for years. Climbers must be self sufficient and exercise personal responsibility.
They must use good judgment so as not to put themselves in danger or their teammates or support. Full stop. Now, I fully recognize that everyone has to learn, but not on an meter mountain!
Learn on lower peaks with proper support. Gradually build up to larger, more technical peaks as your experience grows. If you want to climb Everest, earn the right and not try to low-ball it.
And this now applies to all meter peaks. If they are incapable of turning back a client in trouble, they should not be earning a living as a guide.
The Himalayan Times printed several quotes from Sherpas commenting on their customers. Indian climber Anjali Kulkarni died below the balcony area after she fell ill while heading to the summit, Gyaljen Sherpa, who guided the year-old climber, said.
Nihal died at Camp IV after sherpas rescued him from the balcony area. Das, who complained of weakness, died near the balcony area on the descent.